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Issue 33, 2014
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Semi-insulating behaviour of self-assembled tin(IV)corrole nanospheres

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Three novel tin(IV)corrole complexes have been prepared and characterized by various spectroscopic techniques including single crystal X-ray structural analysis. Packing diagrams of the tin(IV)corroles revealed that corrolato-tin(IV)-chloride molecules are interconnected by intermolecular C–H⋯Cl hydrogen bonding interactions. H⋯Cl distances are 2.848 Å, 3.051 Å, and 2.915 Å, respectively, for the complexes. In addition, the C–H⋯Cl angles are 119.72°, 144.70°, and 147.08°, respectively, for the complexes. It was also observed that in one of the three synthesized complexes dimers were formed, while in the other two cases 1D infinite polymer chains were formed. Well-defined and nicely organized three-dimensional hollow nanospheres (SEM images on silicon wafers) with diameters of ca. 676 nm and 661 nm are obtained in the complexes, forming 1D polymer chains. By applying a thin layer of tin(IV)corrole nanospheres to an ITO surface (AFM height images of ITO films; ∼200 nm in height), a device was fabricated with the following composition: Ag/ITO-coated glass/tin(IV)corrole nanospheres/ITO-coated glass/Ag. The resistivity (ρ) of the nanostructured film was calculated to be ∼2.4 × 108 Ω cm, which falls in the range of semi-insulating semiconductors. CAFM current maps at 10 V bias show bright spots with a 10–20 pA intensity and indicate that the nanospheres (∼250 nm in diameter) are the electron-conducting pathway in the device. The semi-insulating behavior arises from the non-facile electron transfer in the HOMOs of the tin(IV)corrole nanospheres.

Graphical abstract: Semi-insulating behaviour of self-assembled tin(iv)corrole nanospheres

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The article was received on 29 Apr 2014, accepted on 12 Jun 2014 and first published on 12 Jun 2014

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4DT01257G
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Citation: Dalton Trans., 2014,43, 12564-12573
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    Semi-insulating behaviour of self-assembled tin(IV)corrole nanospheres

    W. Sinha, M. Kumar, A. Garai, C. S. Purohit, T. Som and S. Kar, Dalton Trans., 2014, 43, 12564
    DOI: 10.1039/C4DT01257G

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