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Issue 25, 2014
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Soft diphosphine and diarsine complexes of niobium(V) and tantalum(V) fluorides: synthesis, properties, structures and comparisons with the corresponding chlorides

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Abstract

The reactions of the soft diphosphines o-C6H4(PMe2)2, Me2P(CH2)2PMe2, Et2P(CH2)2PEt2 or o-C6H4(PPh2)2 with NbF5 or TaF5 in anhydrous MeCN solution produce [MF4(diphosphine)2][MF6] (M = Nb or Ta), which have been characterised by microanalysis, IR, 1H, 19F{1H}, 31P{1H} and 93Nb NMR spectroscopy. X-ray crystal structures are reported for the isomorphous [MF4{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}2][MF6], which confirm the presence of eight-coordinate (distorted dodecahedral) cations. The corresponding reactions using o-C6H4(AsMe2)2 produced [MF4{o-C6H4(AsMe2)2}2][MF6] which were similarly characterised, including by the X-ray structure of [NbF4{o-C6H4(AsMe2)2}2][NbF6]. These are very rare examples of arsine complexes of high valent metal fluorides. The chloro complexes [NbCl4{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}2]Cl, [TaCl4{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}2][TaCl6], [NbCl4{Me2P(CH2)2PMe2}2][NbCl6] and [MCl4{o-C6H4(AsMe2)2}2][MCl6] were prepared and their structural and spectroscopic properties compared with the fluoride analogues. Attempts to prepare diphosphine complexes of NbOF3 were unsuccessful, but the NbOCl3 complexes, [{{Me2P(CH2)2PMe2}NbOCl3}2{μ-Me2P(CH2)2PMe2}] and [{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}NbOCl3(μ-O)NbCl3(CH3CN){o-C6H4(PMe2)2}] were obtained. X-Ray structures are also reported for [NbCl4{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}2]Cl, [NbCl4{o-C6H4(AsMe2)2}2][NbCl5(OEt)], [NbCl4{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}2][NbOCl4(CH3CN)], [{{Me2P(CH2)2PMe2}NbOCl3}2{μ-Me2P(CH2)2PMe2}] and [{o-C6H4(PMe2)2}NbOCl3(μ-O)NbCl3(CH3CN){o-C6H4(PMe2)2}].

Graphical abstract: Soft diphosphine and diarsine complexes of niobium(v) and tantalum(v) fluorides: synthesis, properties, structures and comparisons with the corresponding chlorides

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Apr 2014, accepted on 02 May 2014 and first published on 07 May 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4DT01029A
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2014,43, 9557-9566
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    Soft diphosphine and diarsine complexes of niobium(V) and tantalum(V) fluorides: synthesis, properties, structures and comparisons with the corresponding chlorides

    W. Levason, Mark. E. Light, G. Reid and W. Zhang, Dalton Trans., 2014, 43, 9557
    DOI: 10.1039/C4DT01029A

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