Synthesis, characterization and ethylene polymerization behaviour of binuclear nickel halides bearing 4,5,9,10-tetra(arylimino)pyrenylidenes
Pyrene-4,5,9,10-tetraone was prepared via the oxidation of pyrene, and reacted with various anilines to afford a series of 4,5,9,10-tetra(arylimino)pyrenylidene derivatives (L1–L4). The tetraimino-pyrene compounds L1 and L2 were reacted with two equivalents of (DME)NiBr2 in CH2Cl2 to afford the corresponding dinickel bromide complexes (Ni1 and Ni2). The organic compounds were fully characterized, whilst the bi-metallic complexes were characterized by FT-IR spectra and elemental analysis. The molecular structures of representative organic and nickel compounds were confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. These nickel complexes exhibited high activities towards ethylene polymerization in the presence of either MAO or Me2AlCl, maintaining a high activity over a prolonged period (longer than previously reported dinickel complex pre-catalysts). The polyethylene obtained was characterized by GPC, DSC and FT-IR spectroscopy and was found to possess branched features.