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Issue 14, 2014
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Green-emitting iridium(III) complexes containing sulfanyl- or sulfone-functionalized cyclometallating 2-phenylpyridine ligands

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Abstract

A series of [Ir(C^N)2(bpy)][PF6] complexes in which the cyclometallating ligands contain fluoro, sulfane or sulfone groups is reported. The conjugate acids of the C^N ligands in the complexes are 2-(4-fluorophenyl)pyridine (H1), 2-(4-methylsulfonylphenyl)pyridine (H3), 2-(4-tbutylsulfanylphenyl)pyridine (H4), 2-(4-tbutylsulfonylphenyl)pyridine (H5), 2-(4-ndodecylsulfanylphenyl)pyridine (H6), 2-(4-ndodecylsulfonylphenyl)pyridine (H7). The single crystal structures of H3 and H5 are described. [Ir(C^N)2(bpy)][PF6] with C^N = 1, 3, 4, 5 and 7 were prepared from the appropriate [Ir2(C^N)4Cl2] dimer and bpy; the structure of [Ir2(3)4Cl2]·2CH2Cl2 was determined. [Ir(6)2(bpy)][PF6] was prepared by nucleophilic substitution starting from [Ir(1)2(bpy)][PF6]. The [Ir(C^N)2(bpy)][PF6] complexes have been characterized by NMR, IR, absorption and emission spectroscopic and mass spectrometric methods. The single crystal structures of enantiomerically pure Δ-[Ir(1)2(bpy)][PF6] and of rac-4{[Ir(1)2(bpy)][PF6]}·Et2O·2CH2Cl2 are described, and the differences in inter-cation packing in the structures compared. [Ir(1)2(bpy)][PF6], [Ir(4)2(bpy)][PF6] and [Ir(6)2(bpy)][PF6] (fluoro and sulfane substituents) are yellow emitters (λmaxem between 557 and 577 nm), and the room temperature solution emission spectra are broad. The sulfone derivatives [Ir(3)2(bpy)][PF6], [Ir(5)2(bpy)][PF6] and [Ir(7)2(bpy)][PF6] are green emitters and the emission spectra are structured (λmaxem = 493 and 523 to 525 nm). High photoluminescence quantum yields (PLQYs) of 64–74% are observed for the sulfone complexes in degassed solutions. The emission lifetimes for the three complexes containing sulfone substituents are an order of magnitude longer (2.33 to 3.36 μs) than the remaining complexes (0.224 to 0.528 μs). Emission spectra of powdered solid samples have also been recorded; the broad emission bands have values of λmaxem in the range 532 to 558 nm, and PLQYs for the powdered compounds are substantially lower (≤23%) than in solution. Trends in the redox potentials for the [Ir(C^N)2(bpy)][PF6] complexes are in accord with the observed emission behaviour.

Graphical abstract: Green-emitting iridium(iii) complexes containing sulfanyl- or sulfone-functionalized cyclometallating 2-phenylpyridine ligands

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Dec 2013, accepted on 02 Feb 2014 and first published on 12 Feb 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3DT53626B
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2014,43, 5343-5356
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    Green-emitting iridium(III) complexes containing sulfanyl- or sulfone-functionalized cyclometallating 2-phenylpyridine ligands

    E. C. Constable, C. D. Ertl, C. E. Housecroft and J. A. Zampese, Dalton Trans., 2014, 43, 5343
    DOI: 10.1039/C3DT53626B

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