Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 17, 2014
Previous Article Next Article

Crystal structures and DFT calculations of new chlorido-dimethylsulfoxide-MIII (M = Ir, Ru, Rh) complexes with the N-pyrazolyl pyrimidine donor ligand: kinetic vs. thermodynamic isomers

Author affiliations

Abstract

New chlorido-dimethylsulfoxide-iridium(III), ruthenium(III) and rhodium(III) complexes with the 2-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-pyrimidine (pyrapyr) ligand (OC-6-N1)-[RhIIICl3(DMSO-κS)(pyrapyr)] (1a, N = 3 and 1b, N = 4); (OC-6-N1)-[RuIIICl3(DMSO-κS)(pyrapyr)] (2a, N = 3 and 2b, N = 4) and (OC-6-N1)-[IrIIICl3(DMSO-κS)(pyrapyr)] (3a, N = 3 and 3b, N = 4) have been synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic techniques and by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies (1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, a disordered crystal 3a/3b and a cocrystal 3a·3b). In all cases, the metal centers show octahedral geometry coordinated to three chloride ligands and one S coordinated dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO-κS). The coordination sphere of the metal is completed by the pyrapyr molecule. Two different coordination modes are observed: (i) the DMSO-κS is opposite to the pyrimidinic N atom (IUPAC nomenclature is OC-6-31 denoted herein as trans); (ii) DMSO-κS is opposite to the pyrazolic N atom (IUPAC nomenclature is OC-6-41 denoted as cis). For Rh(III) the kinetic product (cis) yields the thermodynamic (trans) upon heating a solution of the kinetic product and both isomers have been X-ray characterized. Conversely for Ru(III), both kinetic and thermodynamic complexes have been obtained by using different procedures. Both isomers have been characterized by X-ray crystallography and the kinetic product does not yield the thermodynamic upon heating a solution of the former. Furthermore, the Ir(III) behaves differently, since both isomers are energetically equivalent and both isomers co-crystallize in the solid state. The kinetic/thermodynamic mechanism that yields the different isomers has been studied by using theoretical DFT calculations for each metal. Finally, two Ru(II) complexes (OC-6-N1)-[RuIICl2(DMSO-κS)2(pyrapyr)] (4a, N = 3 and 4b, N = 4) are also described and X-ray characterized. They were obtained as minor products during the synthesis of 2a.

Graphical abstract: Crystal structures and DFT calculations of new chlorido-dimethylsulfoxide-MIII (M = Ir, Ru, Rh) complexes with the N-pyrazolyl pyrimidine donor ligand: kinetic vs. thermodynamic isomers

Back to tab navigation
Please wait while Download options loads

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 27 Sep 2013, accepted on 03 Feb 2014, published on 03 Feb 2014 and first published online on 03 Feb 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3DT52700J
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2014,43, 6353-6364
  •   Request permissions

    Crystal structures and DFT calculations of new chlorido-dimethylsulfoxide-MIII (M = Ir, Ru, Rh) complexes with the N-pyrazolyl pyrimidine donor ligand: kinetic vs. thermodynamic isomers

    M. M. Cánaves, M. I. Cabra, A. Bauzá, P. Cañellas, K. Sánchez, F. Orvay, A. García-Raso, J. J. Fiol, A. Terrón, M. Barceló-Oliver, P. Ballester, I. Mata, E. Molins, F. Hussain and A. Frontera, Dalton Trans., 2014, 43, 6353
    DOI: 10.1039/C3DT52700J

Search articles by author