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Issue 11, 2014
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An EXAFS and HR-XANES study of the uranyl peroxides [UO22-O2)(H2O)2nH2O (n = 0, 2) and uranyl (oxy)hydroxide [(UO2)4O(OH)6]·6H2O

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Abstract

The solid-sate structures of the two uranyl peroxides studtite, [UO22-O2)(H2O)2]·2H2O, and metastudtite [UO22-O2)(H2O)2] have been determined by U–L3 edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy and show that upon removal of the interstitial water in studtite there are structural changes with a small shortening of the U–Operoxo and small lengthening of the U–Oyl bonds. High-energy resolution X-Ray absorption near edge structure (HR-XANES) spectroscopy has been used to probe the differences in the local electronic structure and, supported by ab initio FEFF9.5.1 calculations, dehydration causes a shift to higher energies of the occupied O p-DOS and U d- and f-DOS of metastudtite. The HR-XANES spectrum of schoepite, [(UO2)4O(OH)6]·6H2O, has been measured as the White Line intensity can give information on the mixing of metal and ligand atomic orbitals. There is an indication for higher degree of ionicity for the U–OH bond in schoepite compared to the U–O2 bond in studtite.

Graphical abstract: An EXAFS and HR-XANES study of the uranyl peroxides [UO2(η2-O2)(H2O)2]·nH2O (n = 0, 2) and uranyl (oxy)hydroxide [(UO2)4O(OH)6]·6H2O

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Sep 2013, accepted on 20 Nov 2013 and first published on 20 Nov 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3DT52437J
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2014,43, 4400-4407
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    An EXAFS and HR-XANES study of the uranyl peroxides [UO22-O2)(H2O)2nH2O (n = 0, 2) and uranyl (oxy)hydroxide [(UO2)4O(OH)6]·6H2O

    A. Walshe, T. Prüßmann, T. Vitova and R. J. Baker, Dalton Trans., 2014, 43, 4400
    DOI: 10.1039/C3DT52437J

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