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Issue 10, 2014
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Emerging micro- and nanotechnology based synthetic approaches for insulin delivery

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Abstract

Insulin is essential for type 1 and advanced type 2 diabetics to maintain blood glucose levels and prolong lives. The traditional administration requires frequent subcutaneous insulin injections that are associated with poor patient compliance, including pain, local tissue necrosis, infection, and nerve damage. Taking advantage of emerging micro- and nanotechnologies, numerous alternative strategies integrated with chemical approaches for insulin delivery have been investigated. This review outlines recent developments in the controlled delivery of insulin, including oral, nasal, pulmonary, transdermal, subcutaneous and closed-loop insulin delivery. Perspectives from new materials, formulations and devices at the micro- or nano-scales are specifically surveyed. Advantages and limitations of current delivery methods, as well as future opportunities and challenges are also discussed.

Graphical abstract: Emerging micro- and nanotechnology based synthetic approaches for insulin delivery

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Nov 2013 and first published on 14 Mar 2014


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C3CS60436E
Citation: Chem. Soc. Rev., 2014,43, 3595-3629
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    Emerging micro- and nanotechnology based synthetic approaches for insulin delivery

    R. Mo, T. Jiang, J. Di, W. Tai and Z. Gu, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2014, 43, 3595
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CS60436E

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