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Issue 16, 2014
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Metal–organic frameworks based on flexible ligands (FL-MOFs): structures and applications

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Abstract

Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs), also known as coordination polymers (CPs), are crystalline materials constructed from metal ions or clusters bridged by organic ligands to form one-, two-, or three-dimensional infinite networks. In contrast with the prolific production of MOFs based on rigid ligands (RL-MOFs), the design, syntheses and applications of MOFs based on flexible ligands (FL-MOFs) are somewhat overlooked. Although sacrificing a measure of control, the use of flexible ligands may provide unique opportunities to obtain novel crystalline framework materials exhibiting desirable attributes. In this review, emphasis has been placed on the design and the structural diversity of FL-MOFs. Homochiral FL-MOFs and dynamic frameworks induced by flexible ligands are also briefly outlined. An overview is also shown for the applications of FL-MOFs as platforms for gas adsorption, heterogeneous catalysis, proton conduction etc.

Graphical abstract: Metal–organic frameworks based on flexible ligands (FL-MOFs): structures and applications

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Publication details

The article was received on 31 Dec 2013 and first published on 04 Apr 2014


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C3CS60483G
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: Chem. Soc. Rev., 2014,43, 5867-5895
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    Metal–organic frameworks based on flexible ligands (FL-MOFs): structures and applications

    Z. Lin, J. Lü, M. Hong and R. Cao, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2014, 43, 5867
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CS60483G

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