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Issue 22, 2014
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Theoretical study of thermoelectric properties of few-layer MoS2 and WSe2

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Abstract

Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) and tungsten diselenide (WSe2) are prototypical layered two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide materials, with each layer consisting of three atomic planes. We refer to each layer as a trilayer (TL). We study the thermoelectric properties of 1–4TL MoS2 and WSe2 using a ballistic transport approach based on the electronic band structures and phonon dispersions obtained from first-principles calculations. Our results show that the thickness dependence of the thermoelectric properties is different under n-type and p-type doping conditions. Defining ZT1st peak as the first peak in the thermoelectric figure of merit ZT as doping levels increase from zero at 300 K, we found that ZT1st peak decreases as the number of layers increases for MoS2, with the exception of 2TL in n-type doping, which has a slightly higher value than 1TL. However, for WSe2, 2TL has the largest ZT1st peak in both n-type and p-type doping, with a ZT1st peak value larger than 1 for n-type WSe2. At high temperatures (T > 300 K), ZT1st peak dramatically increases when the temperature increases, especially for n-type doping. The ZT1st peak of n-type 1TL-MoS2 and 2TL-WSe2 can reach 1.6 and 2.1, respectively.

Graphical abstract: Theoretical study of thermoelectric properties of few-layer MoS2 and WSe2

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Feb 2014, accepted on 14 Apr 2014 and first published on 14 Apr 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4CP00487F
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014,16, 10866-10874
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    Theoretical study of thermoelectric properties of few-layer MoS2 and WSe2

    W. Huang, X. Luo, C. K. Gan, S. Y. Quek and G. Liang, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014, 16, 10866
    DOI: 10.1039/C4CP00487F

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