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Issue 26, 2014
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Electron transfers in a TiO2-containing MOR zeolite: synthesis of the nanoassemblies and application using a probe chromophore molecule

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Abstract

New assemblies constituted by a microporous matrix of mordenite (MOR) zeolite on which TiO2 nanoclusters are deposited were synthesized using ionic oxalate complexes and TiCl3 titanium precursors. The samples were used to investigate the transfer of electrons produced by spontaneous or photo-induced ionization of a guest molecule (t-stilbene, t-St) occluded in the porous volume towards the conduction band of a conductive material placed nearby, in the pores or at least close to their entrance. The reaction mechanisms were compared in these Ti-rich solids and in a Ti-free mordenite sample. The characterization by XRD, N2 physisorption, TEM, XPS and DRIFT spectroscopy of the supramolecular TiO2/MOR systems before t-St adsorption showed the preservation of the crystalline structure after Ti addition and thermal activation treatments. They also revealed that titanium is mainly located at the external surface of the zeolite grains, in the form of highly dispersed and/or aggregated anatase. After incorporation of the guest molecule in the new assemblies, diffuse reflectance UV-visible and EPR spectroscopies indicate that the electron transfer processes are similar with and without TiO2 but strongly stabilized t-St˙+ radicals are detected in the TiO2-MOR samples whereas such species were never detected earlier in TiO2-free mordenite using these techniques. The stabilization process is found to be more efficient in the sample prepared with TiCl3 as the precursor than with titanium oxalates. It is proposed that the proximity of TiO2 with the formed t-St˙+ radicals provokes the stabilization of the radical through capture of the ejected electron by the semi-conductor and that confinement effects can also play a role.

Graphical abstract: Electron transfers in a TiO2-containing MOR zeolite: synthesis of the nanoassemblies and application using a probe chromophore molecule

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Apr 2014, accepted on 14 May 2014 and first published on 15 May 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4CP01543F
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014,16, 13145-13155
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    Electron transfers in a TiO2-containing MOR zeolite: synthesis of the nanoassemblies and application using a probe chromophore molecule

    A. Legrand, A. Moissette, M. Hureau, S. Casale, P. Massiani, H. Vezin, A. S. Mamede and I. Batonneau-Gener, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014, 16, 13145
    DOI: 10.1039/C4CP01543F

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