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Issue 13, 2014
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Magnetic edge-states in nanographene, HNO3-doped nanographene and its residue compounds of nanographene-based nanoporous carbon

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Abstract

We investigated the magnetic and electronic properties of nanographene and its charge transfer effect, using near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS), magnetic susceptibility and ESR measurements, and elemental analysis, with the employment of nanoporous carbon, which consists of a three dimensional disordered network of loosely stacked nanographene sheets, in relation to the host–guest interaction with HNO3 as the electron-accepting guest. The adsorption of electron acceptor HNO3 decreases the intensity of the edge state peak in NEXAFS as a result of the charge-transfer-induced Fermi energy downshift, in agreement with the decrease in the edge-state spin concentration, and it also induces the structural expansion, which makes the inter-nanographene sheet distance elongated, resulting in weakening of the inter-nanographene-sheet antiferromagnetic interaction as evidenced by the decrease in the Weiss temperature. In addition, the decomposition of HNO3, which takes place with the electron-rich edge state as an oxidation catalyst, results in the creation of oxygen/nitrogen-containing functional groups bonded to the periphery of the nanographene sheets. Heat-treatment of the HNO3-ACFs under evacuation desorbs the HNO3 molecules completely, though a part of the oxygen/nitrogen-containing species remains strongly bonded to the edge even at a high temperature of ∼800 °C, according to NEXAFS and elemental analysis results. These remaining species participate in the charge transfer, modifying the electronic structure as observed with the decrease in the orbital susceptibility and the strengthening of the inter-nanographene-sheet antiferromagnetic interaction.

Graphical abstract: Magnetic edge-states in nanographene, HNO3-doped nanographene and its residue compounds of nanographene-based nanoporous carbon

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Jan 2014, accepted on 06 Feb 2014 and first published on 07 Feb 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4CP00199K
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014,16, 6273-6282
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    Magnetic edge-states in nanographene, HNO3-doped nanographene and its residue compounds of nanographene-based nanoporous carbon

    S. Hao, V. L. J. Joly, S. Kaneko, J. Takashiro, K. Takai, H. Hayashi, T. Enoki and M. Kiguchi, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014, 16, 6273
    DOI: 10.1039/C4CP00199K

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