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Issue 47, 2014
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Synthesis, electron microscopy and X-ray characterization of oxymagnesite, MgO·2MgCO3, formed from amorphous magnesium carbonate

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Abstract

At present, the peculiar compound called oxymagnesite, MgO·2MgCO3, an intermediate formed during thermal decomposition of hydrated magnesium carbonates, has only been described a handful of times without a distinct description of its formation or morphology. In the current work we present the first scanning and transmission electron microscopy images of an oxymagnesite crystal together with its crystallographic data. Oxymagnesite was synthesized in a controlled manner via decomposition of amorphous magnesium carbonates (AMCs) subjected to varying relative humidity. We show that oxymagnesite is formed only when AMC is hydrated above a certain level, which we attribute to structural inequivalence between CO3 groups induced by water in AMC subjected to high humidity resulting in a weakening of some of the Mg–CO3 bonds. The study provides an understanding of the conditions needed for oxymagnesite formation and shows how hydrated AMCs can be used as precursors of different types of magnesium carbonates.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis, electron microscopy and X-ray characterization of oxymagnesite, MgO·2MgCO3, formed from amorphous magnesium carbonate

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Aug 2014, accepted on 02 Oct 2014 and first published on 06 Oct 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C4CE01641F
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2014,16, 10837-10844
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    Synthesis, electron microscopy and X-ray characterization of oxymagnesite, MgO·2MgCO3, formed from amorphous magnesium carbonate

    S. Frykstrand, C. Strietzel, J. Forsgren, J. Ångström, V. Potin and M. Strømme, CrystEngComm, 2014, 16, 10837
    DOI: 10.1039/C4CE01641F

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