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Issue 17, 2014
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Geometric switching of linear to area negative thermal expansion in uniaxial metal–organic frameworks

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Abstract

Using variable-temperature neutron powder diffraction measurements, we show that the two quartz-like metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) deuterium indium(III) terephthalate and zinc(II) isonicotinate exhibit anisotropic positive and negative thermal expansion (PTE/NTE) behaviour. Whereas in the former the NTE response is uniaxial—occurring along the hexagonal crystal axis—this behaviour is inverted in the latter such that PTE occurs along the hexagonal axis and NTE is found in the entire plane of perpendicular directions. We show that this inversion of mechanical response can be explained on geometric grounds alone; specifically, we identify a critical framework geometry that demarcates a switch from linear to area NTE response. Extending this analysis to other common MOF topologies, we establish a generic predictive approach for establishing the dimensionality of NTE (or, by extension, negative compressibility) responses in a large range of different framework systems. Our analysis suggests that framework geometry plays a crucial role in determining the mechanical response of framework materials which show anisotropic responses via hinging.

Graphical abstract: Geometric switching of linear to area negative thermal expansion in uniaxial metal–organic frameworks

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Oct 2013, accepted on 20 Jan 2014 and first published on 20 Jan 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3CE42165A
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2014,16, 3498-3506
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
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    Geometric switching of linear to area negative thermal expansion in uniaxial metal–organic frameworks

    I. E. Collings, M. G. Tucker, D. A. Keen and A. L. Goodwin, CrystEngComm, 2014, 16, 3498
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CE42165A

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