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Issue 8, 2014
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ZnO superstructures via oriented aggregation initiated in a block copolymer melt

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Abstract

A fast and simple one pot synthesis of ZnO nano- and microparticles initiated and driven by an amino block copolymer O,O′-bis(2-aminopropyl)polypropylene glycol-block-polyethylene glycol-block-polypropylene glycol (Jeffamine®) is reported. The specific building mechanism of ZnO mesocrystals is investigated in detail using electron microscopy and diffraction methods. Mesocrystals with a complex superstructure are formed as a result of a consecutive and oriented multiple stage aggregation process: first a 0D → 1D aggregation process is observed, then a 1D → 3D aggregation process occurs in which secondary particles form cones and multiple cone symmetries. Dots, rods, cones, and multiple cones have been isolated within a time resolved study which clearly supports the growth model. To control the morphology of the product particles, the influence of relevant synthesis parameters including stirring and sonication of the intermediate were investigated. Extensive surface characterization of the resulting mesocrystals is presented using infrared and photoluminescence spectroscopies as well as thermogravimetric analysis. Even after multiple washing steps, the particles exhibit a Jeffamine® coated surface that allows for easy dispersion in both polar and nonpolar solvents. The obtained mesocrystals efficiently scatter in the whole range of visible light.

Graphical abstract: ZnO superstructures via oriented aggregation initiated in a block copolymer melt

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Sep 2013, accepted on 07 Oct 2013 and first published on 07 Oct 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3CE41868E
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2014,16, 1502-1513
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    ZnO superstructures via oriented aggregation initiated in a block copolymer melt

    M. Klaumünzer, M. Distaso, J. Hübner, M. Mačković, E. Spiecker, C. Kryschi and W. Peukert, CrystEngComm, 2014, 16, 1502
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CE41868E

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