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Issue 5, 2014
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Translocation of flexible polymersomes across pores at the nanoscale

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Abstract

Hierarchical biological systems such as tissues and organs are often characterised by highly crowded and packed environments with nanoscopic interconnections between them. Engineering nanovectors that can penetrate and diffuse across these is critical to ensure enhanced delivery and targeting. Here we demonstrate that flexible polymeric vesicles, known as polymersomes, enable the translocation of large macromolecules across both synthetic and biological porous systems. We compare the translocation across narrow pores of different polymersome formulations. We demonstrate that effective translocation depends on the right combination of mechanical properties and surface lubrication. We prove that with the effect of external gradients (e.g. osmotic pressure, capillarity, hydration, etc.) polymersomes can translocate across pores with diameters one order of magnitude smaller without breaking. We demonstrate that these properties are essential to develop effective tissue penetration and show polymersome mediated transdermal delivery of large macromolecules such as dextran and antibodies using human ex vivo skin.

Graphical abstract: Translocation of flexible polymersomes across pores at the nanoscale

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Nov 2013, accepted on 11 Mar 2014 and first published on 25 Mar 2014


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3BM60294J
Author version available: Download Author version (PDF)
Citation: Biomater. Sci., 2014,2, 680-692
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    Translocation of flexible polymersomes across pores at the nanoscale

    C. Pegoraro, D. Cecchin, J. Madsen, N. Warren, S. P. Armes, S. MacNeil, A. Lewis and G. Battaglia, Biomater. Sci., 2014, 2, 680
    DOI: 10.1039/C3BM60294J

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