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Issue 36, 2013
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Silicon–boron–carbon–nitrogen monoliths with high, interconnected and hierarchical porosity

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Abstract

Silicon–boron–carbon–nitrogen (Si–B–C–N) monoliths with high, interconnected and hierarchical porosity have been prepared by spark plasma sintering (SPS) of ordered mesoporous powders with a P6mm hexagonal symmetry at low temperature without any sintering additives. The ordered mesoporous Si–B–C–N powders derived from boron-modified polycarbosilazanes displayed a mesopore population centred on 4.6 nm, a total pore volume of 0.78 cm3 g−1 and a specific surface area of 544 m2 g−1. They have been partially sintered in the temperature range 800–1000 °C under nitrogen to lead to robust meso-/macroporous Si–B–C–N monoliths with surface areas of 123–171 m2 g−1, mesopore diameters centred on 6.2–6.5 nm and total pore volumes varying from 0.25 to 0.35 cm3 g−1 measured by nitrogen adsorption experiments. As-obtained crack-free Si–B–C–N monoliths displayed porosities from 59 to 69% and a relatively large pore size distribution as determined by helium pycnometry and confirmed by mercury porosimetry. TEM observations and low angle X-ray diffraction (LA-XRD) confirmed the formation of monoliths that maintained a mesoporosity organization in comparison to starting powders while SEM experiments showed a microstructure in which necks are formed around the area of contact between particles. With a thermal stability extending up to 1400 °C in flowing nitrogen and a heat conductivity of 0.647 W m−1 K−1 for the most porous component, these new materials display the necessary intrinsic properties required as porous supports working in a harsh environment.

Graphical abstract: Silicon–boron–carbon–nitrogen monoliths with high, interconnected and hierarchical porosity

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 May 2013, accepted on 19 Jul 2013 and first published on 22 Jul 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3TA12119D
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2013,1, 10991-11000
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    Silicon–boron–carbon–nitrogen monoliths with high, interconnected and hierarchical porosity

    O. Majoulet, F. Sandra, M. C. Bechelany, G. Bonnefont, G. Fantozzi, L. Joly-Pottuz, A. Malchère, S. Bernard and P. Miele, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2013, 1, 10991
    DOI: 10.1039/C3TA12119D

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