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Issue 18, 2013
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A novel zwitterionic polyelectrolyte grafted PVDF membrane for thoroughly separating oil from water with ultrahigh efficiency

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Abstract

Oil–water separation is a worldwide challenge because of increasingly oily wastewater, as well as frequent oil spill accidents. We report in this work the fabrication of a zwitterionic polyelectrolyte brush (poly(3-(N-2-methacryloxyethyl-N,N-dimethyl) ammonatopropanesultone), abbreviated as PMAPS)-grafted poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PMAPS-g-PVDF) membrane via a surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (SI-ATRP) technique for separating oil from water. By tuning polymerization time, a superhydrophilic and underwater superoleophobic PMAPS-g-PVDF membrane was successfully prepared. The membrane can be applied for thoroughly separating dispersed oil from water with ultrahigh separation efficiency >99.999% in terms of rejection coefficient. The oil contents after one-time separation of a selection of oil–water mixtures are all less than 10 ppm and some of them are even lower than 2 ppm. These values are much lower than the standard minimum requirements of the international regulations for wastewater discharging. The oil-adhesion force between an oil droplet and the membrane surface was measured to be less than 1 μN. Due to the ultralow oil adhesion, the membrane exhibits an excellent antifouling property to oil and is easily recyclable.

Graphical abstract: A novel zwitterionic polyelectrolyte grafted PVDF membrane for thoroughly separating oil from water with ultrahigh efficiency

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Dec 2012, accepted on 06 Mar 2013, published on 06 Mar 2013 and first published online on 06 Mar 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3TA01598J
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2013,1, 5758-5765
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    A novel zwitterionic polyelectrolyte grafted PVDF membrane for thoroughly separating oil from water with ultrahigh efficiency

    Y. Zhu, F. Zhang, D. Wang, X. F. Pei, W. Zhang and J. Jin, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2013, 1, 5758
    DOI: 10.1039/C3TA01598J

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