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Issue 3, 2013
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Morphology-tailored synthesis of vertically aligned 1D WO3 nano-structure films for highly enhanced electrochromic performance

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Abstract

We have demonstrated that vertically aligned WO3 nanostructure films can be fabricated on FTO-coated glass substrates using a template-free hydrothermal technique. Detailed mechanistic studies revealed that a variety of WO3 nanostructures—including nano-bricks, 1D nanorods and nanowires, and 3D nanorod-flowers—could be obtained by tuning the composition of the precursor solution, where the urea content and solvent composition played important roles in controlling the shape and size of the WO3 nanostructures, respectively. These nanostructured films exhibited enhanced electrochromic performance, and we drew a map for the correlation between the morphology and the electrochromic performance of the as-synthesized WO3 films. Due to the large tunnels in the hexagonally structured WO3, and the large active surface area available for electrochemical reactions, a large optical modulation of 66% at 632.8 nm and a potential of −2.0 V, fast switching speeds of 6.7 s and 3.4 s for coloration and bleaching, respectively, and a high coloration efficiency of 106.8 cm2 C−1 are achieved for the cylindrical nanorod array film.

Graphical abstract: Morphology-tailored synthesis of vertically aligned 1D WO3 nano-structure films for highly enhanced electrochromic performance

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Aug 2012, accepted on 19 Oct 2012 and first published on 22 Oct 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2TA00090C
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2013,1, 684-691
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    Morphology-tailored synthesis of vertically aligned 1D WO3 nano-structure films for highly enhanced electrochromic performance

    D. Ma, G. Shi, H. Wang, Q. Zhang and Y. Li, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2013, 1, 684
    DOI: 10.1039/C2TA00090C

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