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Issue 48, 2013
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Flow in channels with superhydrophobic trapezoidal textures

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Abstract

Superhydrophobic one-dimensional surfaces reduce drag and generate transverse hydrodynamic phenomena by combining hydrophobicity and roughness to trap gas bubbles in microscopic textures. Recent studies in this area have focused on specific cases of superhydrophobic stripes. Here we provide some theoretical results to guide the optimization of the forward flow and transverse hydrodynamic phenomena in a parallel-plate channel with a superhydrophobic trapezoidal texture, varying on scales larger than the channel thickness. The permeability of such a thin channel is shown to be equivalent to that of a striped one with greater average slip. The maximization of a transverse flow normally requires largest possible slip at the gas areas, similar to a striped channel. However, in the case of trapezoidal textures with a very small fraction of the solid phase this maximum occurs at a finite slip at the gas areas. Exact numerical calculations show that our analysis, based on a lubrication theory, can also be applied for a larger gap. However, in this case it overestimates a permeability of the channel, and underestimates an anisotropy of the flow. Our results provide a framework for the rational design of superhydrophobic surfaces for microfluidic applications.

Graphical abstract: Flow in channels with superhydrophobic trapezoidal textures

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Jul 2013, accepted on 11 Oct 2013 and first published on 14 Oct 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3SM51850G
Citation: Soft Matter, 2013,9, 11671-11679
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    Flow in channels with superhydrophobic trapezoidal textures

    T. V. Nizkaya, E. S. Asmolov and O. I. Vinogradova, Soft Matter, 2013, 9, 11671
    DOI: 10.1039/C3SM51850G

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