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Issue 43, 2013
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Using small-angle scattering techniques to understand mechanical properties of biopolymer-based biomaterials

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Abstract

The design and engineering of innovative biopolymer-based biomaterials for a variety of biomedical applications should be based on the understanding of the relationship between their nanoscale structure and mechanical properties. Down the road, such understanding could be fundamental to tune the properties of engineered tissues, extracellular matrices for cell delivery and proliferation/differentiation, etc. In this tutorial review, we attempt to show in what way biomaterial structural data can aid in the understanding of bulk material properties. We begin with some background on common types of biopolymers used in biomaterials research, discuss some typical mechanical testing techniques and then review how others in the field of biomaterials have utilized small-angle scattering for material characterization. Detailed examples are then used to show the full range of possible characterization techniques available for biopolymer-based biomaterials. Future developments in the area of material characterization by small-angle scattering will undoubtedly facilitate the use of structural data to control the kinetics of assembly and final properties of prospective biomaterials.

Graphical abstract: Using small-angle scattering techniques to understand mechanical properties of biopolymer-based biomaterials

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Apr 2013, accepted on 23 Aug 2013 and first published on 06 Sep 2013


Article type: Tutorial Review
DOI: 10.1039/C3SM51209F
Citation: Soft Matter, 2013,9, 10218-10228
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    Using small-angle scattering techniques to understand mechanical properties of biopolymer-based biomaterials

    L. L. Hyland, M. B. Taraban and Y. B. Yu, Soft Matter, 2013, 9, 10218
    DOI: 10.1039/C3SM51209F

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