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Issue 44, 2013
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Activated carbons as green and effective catalysts for generation of reactive radicals in degradation of aqueous phenol

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Abstract

Several activated carbons (ACs) were used as metal-free catalysts for degradation of a toxic organic compound, phenol, in the presence of different oxidants, H2O2, peroxydisulfate (PS) and peroxymonosulfate (PMS). It was found that ACs were effective in heterogeneous activation of PMS to produce sulfate radicals for degradation of phenol, much better than H2O2 and PS. Particle size of AC significantly influenced AC activity, and powder AC was much more effective than granular AC. The complete phenol removal could be achieved in 15 min on powder activated carbon (PAC) under the conditions of [phenol] = 25 mg L−1, [PAC] = 0.2 g L−1, [PMS] = 6.5 mmol L−1, and T = 25 °C. It was also found that phenol degradation was significantly influenced by PMS loading, catalyst loading, phenol concentration and temperature. Surface activation of PMS and phenol adsorption played important roles in phenol degradation. Surface coverage by intermediate adsorption and structural change induced deactivation of AC and catalytic activity could be partially recovered by regeneration using calcination.

Graphical abstract: Activated carbons as green and effective catalysts for generation of reactive radicals in degradation of aqueous phenol

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 May 2013, accepted on 16 Sep 2013 and first published on 16 Sep 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3RA42455C
Citation: RSC Adv., 2013,3, 21905-21910
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    Activated carbons as green and effective catalysts for generation of reactive radicals in degradation of aqueous phenol

    E. Saputra, S. Muhammad, H. Sun and S. Wang, RSC Adv., 2013, 3, 21905
    DOI: 10.1039/C3RA42455C

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