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Issue 15, 2013
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Prospective life-cycle modeling of a carbon capture and storage system using metal–organic frameworks for CO2 capture

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Abstract

Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are promising new material media for carbon dioxide (CO2) capture. Their tunable adsorption patterns may allow relatively efficient separation of gases, e.g. from power plant exhaust. Here we conduct scenario-based prospective life-cycle system modeling to estimate the potentials and implications of large-scale MOF application for post-combustion carbon capture and storage (CCS), and estimate the source and magnitude of uncertainties. The methodological approach includes parametric system modeling to quantify relations between system components; scenario projections of plausible pathways for system scale-up; proxy data on analogous materials and processes; and uncertainty analysis of parameter significance. We estimate the system-wide material and energy flows and economic costs associated with projected large-scale CCS deployment. We compare the performance of a MOF-based system to currently more mature amine-based capture technology. We discuss balancing two critical factors that determine the success of CO2 capture media: thermodynamic efficiency of the capture/regeneration cycle, and life-cycle embodied energy and cost of the material and its ancillary systems.

Graphical abstract: Prospective life-cycle modeling of a carbon capture and storage system using metal–organic frameworks for CO2 capture

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Nov 2012, accepted on 25 Jan 2013 and first published on 28 Jan 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3RA40265G
Citation: RSC Adv., 2013,3, 4964-4975
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    Prospective life-cycle modeling of a carbon capture and storage system using metal–organic frameworks for CO2 capture

    R. Sathre and E. Masanet, RSC Adv., 2013, 3, 4964
    DOI: 10.1039/C3RA40265G

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