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Issue 11, 2013
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Synthesis and versatile postpolymerization modification of couplable A(BC)mD heterografted comblike block quaterpolymers

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Abstract

The synthesis and postfunctionalization of A(BC)mD (A = PDMA; B = PEG; C = PCL; D = PNIPAM, PtBA and PMA) comblike block copolymers comprising alkyne and tertiary amino functionalities and alternating PEG and PCL grafts are described. Three-step successive RAFT processes using prop-2-ynyl 4-(benzodithioyl)-4-cyanopentanoate as an original mediator were used to synthesize amphiphilic PDMA(PEG-alt-PCL)mPM (m ≈ 7) heterografted copolymers, in which the PEG and PCL segments were introduced by the alternating copolymerization of styrenic and maleimidic macromonomers. GPC-MALLS and 1H NMR results indicated that the resultant quaterpolymers were of well-controlled molecular weight and relatively low polydispersity (PDI = 1.12–1.25). The combination of end group transformation and the azidealkyne “click” reaction afforded (A(BC)mD)n (n ≈ 4) comblike-linear multiblock copolymer and (A(BC)mD)x (x ≈ 7) dendritic graft copolymer, and Menschutkin reaction between A(BC)mD copolymer and bromide-functionalized small molecule/macromolecule gave an ion-bearing A′(BC)mD comblike block copolymer and A(BC)mD-graft-E toothbrushlike copolymer, revealing the great potential of postpolymerization modification in novel architecture construction. Preliminary results indicated that the introduction of various functionalities and polymer segments into brushlike copolymers via the quaternization process could affect the chain relaxation and melting behaviors, solubility, and surface wettability of polymer films.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis and versatile postpolymerization modification of couplable A(BC)mD heterografted comblike block quaterpolymers

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Feb 2013, accepted on 12 Mar 2013 and first published on 05 Apr 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3PY00217A
Citation: Polym. Chem., 2013,4, 3272-3281
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    Synthesis and versatile postpolymerization modification of couplable A(BC)mD heterografted comblike block quaterpolymers

    X. Jiang, W. Shao, K. Jiang, M. Zhang, H. Liu, C. Ye and Y. Zhao, Polym. Chem., 2013, 4, 3272
    DOI: 10.1039/C3PY00217A

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