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Issue 20, 2013
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Influence of heteroatoms on photovoltaic performance of donor–acceptor copolymers based on 2,6-di(thiophen-2-yl)benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b′]difurans and diketopyrrolopyrrole

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Abstract

Donor–acceptor conjugated polymers based on the novel donor 3,7-didodecyl-2,6-di(thiophen-2-yl)benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b′]difuran, and 1,4-diketopyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole as the acceptor were synthesized via the Stille cross-coupling reaction. The alkyl chains on the diketopyrrolopyrrole monomers were varied to engineer the solubility and morphology of the materials. Thiophene and furan moieties were used to flank the DPP group and the impact of these heterocycles on the polymers' properties evaluated. All of the polymers have similar optoelectronic properties with optical band-gaps of 1.3–1.4 eV, LUMO levels of −3.7 to −3.8 eV and HOMO levels of −5.5 to −5.6 eV. The furan-containing polymers have better solubility than the all-thiophene polymers, as significantly higher molecular weight materials of the former were readily dissolved. When the polymers were used as donor materials along with PC71BM as the electron-acceptor in bulk-heterojunction photovoltaic cells, power conversion efficiencies of up to 2.9% were obtained, with the furan-containing polymers giving the best results.

Graphical abstract: Influence of heteroatoms on photovoltaic performance of donor–acceptor copolymers based on 2,6-di(thiophen-2-yl)benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b′]difurans and diketopyrrolopyrrole

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Jan 2013, accepted on 08 Mar 2013 and first published on 22 Mar 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3PY00138E
Citation: Polym. Chem., 2013,4, 5329-5336
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    Influence of heteroatoms on photovoltaic performance of donor–acceptor copolymers based on 2,6-di(thiophen-2-yl)benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b′]difurans and diketopyrrolopyrrole

    B. M. Kobilka, B. J. Hale, M. D. Ewan, A. V. Dubrovskiy, T. L. Nelson, V. Duzhko and M. Jeffries-EL, Polym. Chem., 2013, 4, 5329
    DOI: 10.1039/C3PY00138E

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