Convenient syntheses of halo-dibenz[b,f]azepines and carbamazepine analogues via N-arylindoles
The dibenz[b,f]azepine heterocyclic system and related molecules with a single 10,11-bond are important templates for well-prescribed drug molecules, notably carbamazepine (anticonvulsant), clomipramine and imipramine (antidepressants). We synthesised a range of halogenated carbamazepine analogues, in connection with metabolic and immunological studies, as probes for structure-metabolism and hypersensitive effects and have published on their metabolic behaviour. While a number of synthetic routes to such analogues are possible, we naturally sought short and efficient methods for our target compounds. In the following report we present an effective two-step synthesis of a range of dibenz[b,f]azepines from appropriate indoles via N-arylation, then acid-catalysed rearrangement, with a critical analysis of other approaches. We showed earlier that this route was effective for fluoro analogues and here present a broader review of its scope. The 5-(carboxamido) side chain of carbamazepine may be added in various ways, affording overall a convenient access to drug molecules.