A competition between the terminal fluorine and hydroxyl groups by the central hydroxyl group as hydrogen bond donor in 3-fluoro-1,2-propanediol would be expected to dictate the conformational isomerism of this compound, but also the repulsion between the electronegative and bulky vicinal substituents. Indeed, an intramolecular hydrogen bond has been verified only for a local minimum using QTAIM calculations, while the most stable conformer exhibits an all-gauche conformation with a small stabilizing contribution from the nF→σ*OH interaction. The preferred orientation of the OH and F substituents was confirmed from the chemical shifts and coupling constants of the diastereotopic hydrogens. This conformational preference, which is calculated to exist both in the gas phase and solution (using implicit CHCl3 and CH3CN solvents), is better described by predominant hyperconjugative interactions over Lewis-type interactions. The strong contribution from antiperiplanar interactions involving σCH and σCC as electron donors and σ*CF and σ*CO as electron acceptors dictates the gauche effect in 3-fluoro-1,2-propanediol rather than a hydrogen bond. The absence of JF,H(O) and JH(O),H(O) coupling constants confirms that any influence from a hydrogen bond to the conformational isomerism of 3-fluoro-1,2-propanediol is secondary.
Fetching data from CrossRef. This may take some time to load.
Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
- Information Point