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State Key Laboratory of Applied Organic Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, People's Republic of China
; Fax: +86 931 8912582
; Tel: +86 0931 8912592
Org. Biomol. Chem., 2013,11, 1251-1258
16 Jul 2012,
11 Dec 2012
First published online
17 Dec 2012
Eleven new triterpenoids, schinchinenins A–H (1–8) and schinchinenlactones A–C (9–11) together with three known triterpenoids, henrischinins A–C (12–14), were isolated from the leaves and stems of Schisandra chinensis by bioassay-guided fractionation. Schinchinenin A (1) is the first example of a highly oxygenated triterpenoid characterized by a 5/5/7/6/5-fused pentacyclic ring and a 3-one-2-oxabicyclo[3.2.1]-octane moiety. Schinchinenins E and F (5 and 6) are highly oxygenated triterpenoids that contain a hydroperoxyl moiety, which is rare in compounds from the Schisandra genus. The structures and stereochemistry of 1–11 were elucidated using spectroscopic analysis, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, computational optical rotation, chemical transformation, and CD exciton chirality methods. The activities of compounds 1, 2, 7, and 12–14 against HSV-2 and adenovirus were evaluated for the first time, and of these compounds, 13 was the most active inhibitor of HSV-2, with a selectivity index value as high as 29.95.