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The high diastereoselectivity in the Michael addition of nitromethane to α,β-unsaturated γ-amino esters, crystal conformations of β-nitromethane substituted γ-amino acids and peptides are studied. Results suggest that the N-Boc protected amide NH, conformations of α,β-unsaturated γ-amino esters and alkyl side chains play a crucial role in dictating the high diastereoselectivity of nitromethane addition to E-vinylogous amino esters. Investigation of the crystal conformations of both α,β-unsaturated γ-amino esters and the Michael addition products suggests that an H–Cγ–CβCα eclipsed conformer of the unsaturated amino ester leads to the major (anti) product compared to that of an N–Cγ–CβCα eclipsed conformer. The major diastereomers were separated and subjected to the peptide synthesis. The single crystal analysis of the dipeptide containing β-nitromethane substituted γ-amino acids reveals a helical type of folded conformation with an isolated H-bond involving a nine-atom pseudocycle.
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Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
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