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International Institute of Nano and Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Missouri, 1514 Research Park Drive, Columbia, USA
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Org. Biomol. Chem., 2013,11, 1116-1126
09 Oct 2012,
20 Dec 2012
First published online
20 Dec 2012
Herein we describe the sequential synthesis of a variety of azide-alkyne click chemistry-compatible heterobifunctional oligo(ethylene glycol) (OEG) linkers for bioconjugation chemistry applications. Synthesis of these bioorthogonal linkers was accomplished through desymmetrization of OEGs by conversion of one of the hydroxyl groups to either an alkyne or azido functionality. The remaining distal hydroxyl group on the OEGs was activated by either a 4-nitrophenyl carbonate or a mesylate (–OMs) group. The –OMs functional group served as a useful precursor to form a variety of heterobifunctionalized OEG linkers containing different highly reactive end groups, e.g., iodo, –NH2, –SH and maleimido, that were orthogonal to the alkyne or azido functional group. Also, the alkyne- and azide-terminated OEGs are useful for generating larger discrete poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) linkers (e.g., PEG16 and PEG24) by employing a Cu(I)-catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition click reaction. The utility of these clickable heterobifunctional OEGs in bioconjugation chemistry was demonstrated by attachment of the integrin (αvβ3) receptor targeting peptide, cyclo-(Arg-Gly-Asp-D-Phe-Lys) (cRGfKD) and to the fluorescent probe sulfo-rhodamine B. The synthetic methodology presented herein is suitable for the large scale production of several novel heterobifunctionalized OEGs from readily available and inexpensive starting materials.
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Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
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