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Issue 2, 2013
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pH-tuned metal coordination and peroxidase activity of a peptide dendrimer enzyme model with a Fe(II)bipyridine at its core

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Abstract

Peptide dendrimer BP1 was obtained by double thioether bond formation between 5,5′-bis(bromomethyl)-2,2′-bipyridine and two equivalents of peptide dendrimer N1 (Ac-Glu-Ser)8(Dap-Glu-Ala)4(Dap-Amb-Tyr)2Dap-Cys-Asp-NH2 (Dap = branching 2,3-diaminopropanoic acid, Amb = 4-aminomethyl-benzoic acid). At pH 4.0 BP1 bound Fe(II) to form the expected tris-coordinated complex [FeII(BP1)3] (Kf = 2.1 × 1015 M−3). At pH 6.5 a monocoordinated complex [FeII(BP1)] was formed instead (Kf = 2.1 × 105 M−1) due to electrostatic repulsion between the polyanionic dendrimer branches, as confirmed by the behavior of three analogues where glutamates were partially or completely replaced by neutral glutamines or positive lysines. [FeII(BP1)] catalyzed the oxidation of o-phenylenediamine with H2O2 with enzyme-like kinetics (kcat = 1.0 min−1, KM = 1.5 mM, kcat/kuncat = 90 000) and multiple turnover, while Fe2+ or [Fe(bipy)3]2+ were inactive. The labile coordination positions allowing coordination to H2O2 and to the substrate are likely responsible for the enhanced peroxidase activity of the metallopeptide dendrimer.

Graphical abstract: pH-tuned metal coordination and peroxidase activity of a peptide dendrimer enzyme model with a Fe(ii)bipyridine at its core

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 Aug 2012, accepted on 07 Nov 2012 and first published on 07 Nov 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2OB26551F
Citation: Org. Biomol. Chem., 2013,11, 344-352
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    pH-tuned metal coordination and peroxidase activity of a peptide dendrimer enzyme model with a Fe(II)bipyridine at its core

    P. Geotti-Bianchini, T. Darbre and J. Reymond, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2013, 11, 344
    DOI: 10.1039/C2OB26551F

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