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Issue 14, 2013
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Real-time optical diagnostics of graphene growth induced by pulsed chemical vapor deposition

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Abstract

The kinetics and mechanisms of graphene growth on Ni films at 720–880 °C have been measured using fast pulses of acetylene and real-time optical diagnostics. In situ UV-Raman spectroscopy was used to unambiguously detect isothermal graphene growth at high temperatures, measure the growth kinetics with ∼1 s temporal resolution, and estimate the fractional precipitation upon cooldown. Optical reflectivity and videography provided much faster temporal resolution. Both the growth kinetics and the fractional isothermal precipitation were found to be governed by the C2H2 partial pressure in the CVD pulse for a given film thickness and temperature, with up to ∼94% of graphene growth occurring isothermally within 1 second at 800 °C at high partial pressures. At lower partial pressures, isothermal graphene growth is shown to continue 10 seconds after the gas pulse. These flux-dependent growth kinetics are described in the context of a dissolution/precipitation model, where carbon rapidly dissolves into the Ni film and later precipitates driven by gradients in the chemical potential. The combination of pulsed-CVD and real-time optical diagnostics opens new opportunities to understand and control the fast, sub-second growth of graphene on various substrates at high temperatures.

Graphical abstract: Real-time optical diagnostics of graphene growth induced by pulsed chemical vapor deposition

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 Mar 2013, accepted on 27 May 2013 and first published on 30 May 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3NR01436C
Citation: Nanoscale, 2013,5, 6507-6517
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    Real-time optical diagnostics of graphene growth induced by pulsed chemical vapor deposition

    A. A. Puretzky, D. B. Geohegan, S. Pannala, C. M. Rouleau, M. Regmi, N. Thonnard and G. Eres, Nanoscale, 2013, 5, 6507
    DOI: 10.1039/C3NR01436C

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