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Issue 11, 2013
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Facile conductive bridges formed between silicon nanoparticles inside hollow carbon nanofibers

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Abstract

This paper reports on a simple and effective method for improving the electrochemical performance of silicon nanoparticle-core/carbon-shell (Si-core/C-shell) nanofibers. Instead of increasing the encapsulation amount of Si nanoparticles, additional conductive paths between the Si nanoparticles were formed by incorporating a small percentage of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) (e.g., 5 wt% with respect to Si) into the Si nanoparticle core. The electrical conductivity of a single Si-core/C-shell nanofiber was measured by a four-point probe using four nano-manipulators, which showed a more than five times increase according to MWNT addition. A galvanostatic charge–discharge test demonstrated that a small amount of MWNTs greatly improved the electrochemical performance of the Si-core/C-shell nanofibers (e.g., a 25.1% increase in the Li-ion storage capability) due to the enhanced participation of Si through the additional conductive paths formed between the Si nanoparticles.

Graphical abstract: Facile conductive bridges formed between silicon nanoparticles inside hollow carbon nanofibers

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Feb 2013, accepted on 29 Mar 2013 and first published on 03 Apr 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3NR00982C
Citation: Nanoscale, 2013,5, 4790-4796
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    Facile conductive bridges formed between silicon nanoparticles inside hollow carbon nanofibers

    B. Lee, S. Son, J. Seo, K. Park, G. Lee, S. Lee, K. H. Oh, J. Ahn and W. Yu, Nanoscale, 2013, 5, 4790
    DOI: 10.1039/C3NR00982C

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