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Issue 1, 2013
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Prediction of active sites of enzymes by maximum relevance minimum redundancy (mRMR) feature selection

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Abstract

Identification of catalytic residues plays a key role in understanding how enzymes work. Although numerous computational methods have been developed to predict catalytic residues and active sites, the prediction accuracy remains relatively low with high false positives. In this work, we developed a novel predictor based on the Random Forest algorithm (RF) aided by the maximum relevance minimum redundancy (mRMR) method and incremental feature selection (IFS). We incorporated features of physicochemical/biochemical properties, sequence conservation, residual disorder, secondary structure and solvent accessibility to predict active sites of enzymes and achieved an overall accuracy of 0.885687 and MCC of 0.689226 on an independent test dataset. Feature analysis showed that every category of the features except disorder contributed to the identification of active sites. It was also shown via the site-specific feature analysis that the features derived from the active site itself contributed most to the active site determination. Our prediction method may become a useful tool for identifying the active sites and the key features identified by the paper may provide valuable insights into the mechanism of catalysis.

Graphical abstract: Prediction of active sites of enzymes by maximum relevance minimum redundancy (mRMR) feature selection

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Aug 2012, accepted on 02 Oct 2012 and first published on 15 Oct 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2MB25327E
Citation: Mol. BioSyst., 2013,9, 61-69
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    Prediction of active sites of enzymes by maximum relevance minimum redundancy (mRMR) feature selection

    Y. Gao, B. Li, Y. Cai, K. Feng, Z. Li and Y. Jiang, Mol. BioSyst., 2013, 9, 61
    DOI: 10.1039/C2MB25327E

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