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Issue 7, 2013
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N ε-Carboxymethyllysine (CML), a Maillard reaction product, stimulates serotonin release and activates the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) in SH-SY5Y cells

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Abstract

Maillard reaction products, which are formed in highly thermally treated foods, are commonly consumed in a Western diet. In this study, we investigated the impact of Nε-carboxymethyllysine (CML), a well-characterized product of the Maillard reaction, on the gene regulation of the human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y. Pathway analysis of data generated from customized DNA microarrays revealed 3 h incubation with 50 μM and 500 μM CML to affect serotonin receptor expression. Further experiments employing qRT-PCR showed an up-regulation of serotonin receptors 2A, 1A and 1B after 0.25 h and 3 h. In addition, 500 μM CML increased serotonin release, thus showing effects of CML not only at a genetic, but also at a functional level. Intracellular calcium mobilization, which mediates serotonin release, was increased by CML at concentrations of 0.05–500 μM. Since calcium mobilization has been linked to the activation of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), we further investigated the effects of CML on RAGE expression. RAGE was found to be up-regulated after incubation with 500 μM CML for 0.25 h. Co-incubation with the calcium blocker neomycin for 0.25 h blocked the up-regulation of RAGE and the serotonin receptors 2A, 1A and 1B. These results indicate a possible link between a CML-induced calcium-mediated serotonin release and RAGE.

Graphical abstract: N ε-Carboxymethyllysine (CML), a Maillard reaction product, stimulates serotonin release and activates the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) in SH-SY5Y cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 14 Mar 2013, accepted on 05 May 2013 and first published on 07 May 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3FO60097A
Citation: Food Funct., 2013,4, 1111-1120
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    N ε-Carboxymethyllysine (CML), a Maillard reaction product, stimulates serotonin release and activates the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) in SH-SY5Y cells

    A. Holik, B. Rohm, M. M. Somoza and V. Somoza, Food Funct., 2013, 4, 1111
    DOI: 10.1039/C3FO60097A

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