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Issue 6, 2013
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A review of the gastroprotective effects of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe)

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Abstract

The rhizomes of Zingiber officinale Roscoe (Zingiberaceae), commonly known as ginger is an important kitchen spice and also possess a myriad health benefits. The rhizomes have been used since antiquity in the various traditional systems of medicine to treat arthritis, rheumatism, sprains, muscular aches, pains, sore throats, cramps, hypertension, dementia, fever, infectious diseases, catarrh, nervous diseases, gingivitis, toothache, asthma, stroke and diabetes. Ginger is also used as home remedy and is of immense value in treating various gastric ailments like constipation, dyspepsia, belching, bloating, gastritis, epigastric discomfort, gastric ulcerations, indigestion, nausea and vomiting and scientific studies have validated the ethnomedicinal uses. Ginger is also shown to be effective in preventing gastric ulcers induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [NSAIDs like indomethacin, aspirin], reserpine, ethanol, stress (hypothermic and swimming), acetic acid and Helicobacter pylori-induced gastric ulcerations in laboratory animals. Various preclinical and clinical studies have also shown ginger to possess anti-emetic effects against different emetogenic stimuli. However, conflicting reports especially in the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting and motion sickness prevent us from drawing any firm conclusion on its effectiveness as a broad spectrum anti-emetic. Ginger has been shown to possess free radical scavenging, antioxidant; inhibition of lipid peroxidation and that these properties might have contributed to the observed gastroprotective effects. This review summarizes the various gastroprotective effects of ginger and also emphasizes on aspects that warranty future research to establish its activity and utility as a gastroprotective agent in humans.

Graphical abstract: A review of the gastroprotective effects of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe)

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Nov 2012, accepted on 15 Mar 2013 and first published on 24 Apr 2013


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C3FO30337C
Citation: Food Funct., 2013,4, 845-855
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    A review of the gastroprotective effects of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe)

    R. Haniadka, E. Saldanha, V. Sunita, P. L. Palatty, R. Fayad and M. S. Baliga, Food Funct., 2013, 4, 845
    DOI: 10.1039/C3FO30337C

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