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Issue 1, 2013
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Short-term effects of polyphenol-rich black tea on blood pressure in men and women

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Abstract

There is increasing evidence that black tea polyphenols contribute to vascular health. We have recently shown that regular ingestion of polyphenol-rich black tea over 6 months results in lower systolic and diastolic blood pressure. However, the time course of these effects remains unclear. Therefore, our objective was to determine if short-term effects of tea on blood pressure could contribute to longer-term benefits of regular tea consumption on blood pressure. Men and women (n = 111) were recruited to a randomised placebo-controlled double-blind parallel designed trial. During a 4-week run-in, all participants consumed 3 cups per day of black tea. Participants then consumed 3 cups over 1 day of either powdered black tea solids containing 429 mg of polyphenols (tea), or a control product matched in flavour and caffeine content but containing no tea solids. The 24 h ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate was measured at the end of the 4-week run-in (baseline) and again during the 24 h intervention period. The 24 h day-time and night-time blood pressures were not significantly different between tea and control (P > 0.05). Baseline-adjusted net effects on mean 24 h ambulatory blood pressure for systolic and diastolic blood pressure were −0.2 mm Hg (95% CI, −1.5 to 1.0), P = 0.72, and 0.0 mm Hg (95% CI, −1.0 to 0.9), P = 0.95, respectively. Heart rate was significantly lower for tea compared to control during the night-time and early-morning periods (−2.0 (95% CI, −3.2, −0.8) bpm, and −1.9 (95% CI, −3.7, −0.2) bpm, respectively; P < 0.05 for both), but not during the day-time. These results suggest that the longer-term benefits of black tea on blood pressure are unlikely to be due to short-term changes.

Graphical abstract: Short-term effects of polyphenol-rich black tea on blood pressure in men and women

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Publication details

The article was received on 31 Jul 2012, accepted on 17 Sep 2012 and first published on 18 Sep 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2FO30186E
Citation: Food Funct., 2013,4, 111-115
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    Short-term effects of polyphenol-rich black tea on blood pressure in men and women

    J. M. Hodgson, R. J. Woodman, I. B. Puddey, T. Mulder, D. Fuchs and K. D. Croft, Food Funct., 2013, 4, 111
    DOI: 10.1039/C2FO30186E

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