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Volume 164, 2013
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Electroanalysis using modified hierarchical nanoporous carbon materials

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The role of the electrode nanoporosity in electroanalytical processes is discussed and specific phenomena (slow double layer charging, local pH effects) which can be present in porous electrode are described. Hierarchical porous carbon (HPC) materials are synthesized using a hard template method. The three dimensional carbon porosity is examined using scanning electron microscopy on flat surfaces cut using a focused ion beam (FIB-SEM). The electrochemical properties of the HPC are measured using cyclic voltammetry, AC impedance, chronoamperometry and Probe Beam Deflection (PBD) techniques. Chronoamperometry measurements of HPC seems to fit a transmission line model. PBD data show evidence of local pH changes inside the pores, during double layer charging. The HPC are modified by in situ (chemical or electrochemical) formation of metal (Pt/Ru) or metal oxide (CoOx, Fe3O4) nanoparticles. Additionally, HPC loaded with Pt decorated magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles is produced by galvanic displacement. The modified HPC materials are used for the electroanalysis of different substances (CO, O2, AsO3−3). The role of the nanoporous carbon substrate in the electroanalytical data is evaluated.

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The article was received on 15 Feb 2013, accepted on 06 Mar 2013 and first published on 07 Mar 2013

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3FD00018D
Citation: Faraday Discuss., 2013,164, 147-173
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    Electroanalysis using modified hierarchical nanoporous carbon materials

    R. C. Rodriguez, A. B. Moncada, D. F. Acevedo, G. A. Planes, M. C. Miras and C. A. Barbero, Faraday Discuss., 2013, 164, 147
    DOI: 10.1039/C3FD00018D

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