Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 43, 2013
Previous Article Next Article

Synthesis, molecular structure, computational study and in vitro anticancer activity of dinuclear thiolato-bridged pentamethylcyclopentadienyl Rh(III) and Ir(III) complexes

Author affiliations

Abstract

Neutral dinuclear dithiolato-bridged pentamethylcyclopentadienyl Rh(III) complexes of the type (C5Me5)2Rh2(μ-SR)2Cl2 (R = CH2Ph, 1; R = CH2CH2Ph, 2) and cationic dinuclear trithiolato-bridged pentamethylcyclopentadienyl Rh(III) and Ir(III) complexes of the type [(C5Me5)2M2(μ-SR)3]+ (M = Rh, R = CH2Ph, 3; M = Rh, R = CH2CH2Ph, 5; M = Rh, R = CH2C6H4-p-tBu, 7: M = Ir, R = CH2Ph, 4; M = Ir, R = CH2CH2Ph, 6; M = Ir, R = CH2C6H4-p-tBu, 8) have been synthesized from the chloro-bridged pentamethylcyclopentadienyl Rh(III) and Ir(III) dimers (C5Me5)2M2(μ-Cl)2Cl2 by reaction with the corresponding thiol derivative (RSH). Complexes 3–8 were isolated as chloride salts. All complexes were obtained in good yield and were fully characterized by spectroscopic methods. The molecular structures of the neutral complexes (1 and 2) show interesting features: the two rhodium atoms are bridged by two thiolato ligands with no metal–metal bonds and the pentamethylcyclopentadienyl and chlorido ligands are oriented syn to each other, an uncommon conformation for such dinuclear complexes. These structural features were rationalized using DFT calculations. Additionally, the antiproliferative activity of the complexes was evaluated against the cancerous A2780 (cisplatin sensitive) and A2780cisR (cisplatin resistant) human ovarian cell lines and on the noncancerous HEK293 human embryonic kidney cells. All complexes were found to be active and the cationic iridium complexes 4, 6 and 8 are particularly cytotoxic, with IC50 values in the nanomolar range (IC50 < 0.1 μM). The catalytic activity of the complexes for the oxidation of glutathione (GSH) to GSSG was evaluated by NMR spectroscopy.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis, molecular structure, computational study and in vitro anticancer activity of dinuclear thiolato-bridged pentamethylcyclopentadienyl Rh(iii) and Ir(iii) complexes

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 22 Jul 2013, accepted on 22 Aug 2013 and first published on 22 Aug 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3DT51991K
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2013,42, 15457-15463
  •   Request permissions

    Synthesis, molecular structure, computational study and in vitro anticancer activity of dinuclear thiolato-bridged pentamethylcyclopentadienyl Rh(III) and Ir(III) complexes

    G. Gupta, A. Garci, B. S. Murray, P. J. Dyson, G. Fabre, P. Trouillas, F. Giannini, J. Furrer, G. Süss-Fink and B. Therrien, Dalton Trans., 2013, 42, 15457
    DOI: 10.1039/C3DT51991K

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements