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Issue 42, 2013
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Syntheses of bis(pyrrolylaldiminato)aluminum complexes for the polymerisation of lactide

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Abstract

Seven bis(pyrrolylaldiminato)aluminum methyl complexes were synthesized from the reactions of AlMe3 and two equiv. of the corresponding pyrrolylaldimine ligands. The ligands were modified to have different steric hindrances (C6H5 (1), 2,6-Me2C6H3 (2), 2,4,6-Me3C6H2 (3), 2,6-Et2C6H3 (4) and 2,6-iPr2C6H3 (5)) and electronic contributions (4-CF3C6H4 (6) and 4-OMeC6H4 (7)). Crystal structures of complexes 3–7 were determined and shown to have distorted trigonal bipyramidal geometry (4, 6, 7) and intermediates between trigonal bipyramidal and square pyramidal geometries (3 and 5). The rotation around the N–Caryl bond was fast for ligands having small ortho substituents and became slower as the size of the substituents increased. Polymerisations of L-lactide using complexes 1–7 and benzyl alcohol as an initiator were carried out giving the rate dependence on steric hindrance (5 < 4 < 3 < 2 < 1) and electronic contribution (6 < 7 < 1). Larger substituents and electron withdrawing groups were found to suppress the polymerisation rates. Despite having C2 symmetry in the crystal structures of compounds 3–7, only slight enhancement for isotactic enchainment was found in the polymerisation of rac-lactide.

Graphical abstract: Syntheses of bis(pyrrolylaldiminato)aluminum complexes for the polymerisation of lactide

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 May 2013, accepted on 05 Aug 2013 and first published on 02 Sep 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3DT51377G
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2013,42, 15191-15198
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    Syntheses of bis(pyrrolylaldiminato)aluminum complexes for the polymerisation of lactide

    S. Pracha, S. Praban, A. Niewpung, G. Kotpisan, P. Kongsaeree, S. Saithong, T. Khamnaen, P. Phiriyawirut, S. Charoenchaidet and K. Phomphrai, Dalton Trans., 2013, 42, 15191
    DOI: 10.1039/C3DT51377G

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