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Issue 9, 2014
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A novel nickel metal–organic framework with fluorite-like structure: gas adsorption properties and catalytic activity in Knoevenagel condensation

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Abstract

A new non-interpenetrating 3D metal–organic framework {[Ni46-MTB)22-H2O)4(H2O)4]·10DMF·11H2O}n (DMF = N,N′-dimethylformamide) built from nickel(II) ions as connectors and methanetetrabenzoate ligands (MTB4−) as linkers has been synthesized and characterized. The single crystal X-ray diffraction showed that complex exhibits CaF2-like fluorite structure topology and four types of 3D channels with sizes about 12.6 × 9.4 Å2, 9.4 × 8.0 Å2, 12.6 × 11.7 Å2 and 14.9 × 14.9 Å2, which are filled with guest molecules. Conditions of the activation of the compound have been studied and optimized by powder X-ray diffraction during in situ heating, thermogravimetric analysis and infrared spectroscopy. Nitrogen and carbon dioxide adsorption showed that the activated sample exhibits a BET specific surface area of 700 m2 g−1 and a carbon dioxide uptake of 12.36 wt% at 0 °C, which are the highest values reported for the compounds of the MTB4− series. The complex was tested in Knoevenagel condensation of aldehydes and active methylene compounds. Straightforward dependence of the substrate conversion on the size of used aldehyde was established. A possible mechanism of Knoevenagel condensation over a MTB4− containing a metal–organic framework was proposed.

Graphical abstract: A novel nickel metal–organic framework with fluorite-like structure: gas adsorption properties and catalytic activity in Knoevenagel condensation

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Sep 2013, accepted on 17 Dec 2013 and first published on 18 Dec 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3DT52698D
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2014,43, 3730-3738
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    A novel nickel metal–organic framework with fluorite-like structure: gas adsorption properties and catalytic activity in Knoevenagel condensation

    M. Almáši, V. Zeleňák, M. Opanasenko and J. Čejka, Dalton Trans., 2014, 43, 3730
    DOI: 10.1039/C3DT52698D

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