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Issue 5, 2014
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Porous coordination polymers based on functionalized Schiff base linkers: enhanced CO2 uptake by pore surface modification

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Abstract

We report the synthesis, structural characterization and adsorption properties of three new porous coordination polymers {[Cu(Meazpy)0.5(glut)](H2O)}n (2), {[Zn(azpy)0.5(terep)](H2O)}n (3), and {[Zn(Meazpy)0.5(terep)]}n (4) [glut = glutarate, terep = terephthalate, azpy = N,N′-bis-(pyridin-4-ylmethylene)hydrazine and Meazpy = N,N′-bis-(1-pyridin-4-ylethylidene)hydrazine] composed of mixed linkers systems. Structure determination reveals that all three compounds have three-dimensional (3D) coordination frameworks bridged by dicarboxylates and Schiff base linkers. In all cases 2D dicarboxylate layers are supported by paddle-wheel M2(CO2)4 SBUs extended in three dimensions by designed Schiff base linkers. Compound 1, which has been reported in a paper earlier by our group, is a robust porous three-dimensional (3D) framework whose pore surface was found to be decorated with the –CH[double bond, length as m-dash]N– groups of a linear Schiff base (azpy) and it showed reversible single-crystal-to-single-crystal transformation and selective CO2 uptake. By using another linear Schiff base linker Meazpy, we have synthesized compound 2 which is isostructural with 1, having an additional methyl group pointing towards the pore. Like 1 it also shows a reversible single-crystal-to-single-crystal transformation upon dehydration and rehydration. The dehydrated framework of 2 exhibits 50% enhanced CO2 uptake compared to 1. This has been achieved by the pore surface modification effected upon changing the pillar backbone from a –CH[double bond, length as m-dash]N– to –CMe[double bond, length as m-dash]N– group. It also adsorbs water vapour at 298 K. In the case of the two isostructural 3D MOFs 3 and 4, the use of a rigid carboxylate (terephthalate) linker arrested porosity by three-fold interpenetration. We showed that the use of aliphatic dicarboxylate (glutarate) results in a non-interpenetrated framework rather than the common interpenetrated framework with aromatic dicarboxylates in mixed ligand systems.

Graphical abstract: Porous coordination polymers based on functionalized Schiff base linkers: enhanced CO2 uptake by pore surface modification

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Aug 2013, accepted on 17 Oct 2013 and first published on 24 Oct 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3DT52266K
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2014,43, 2272-2282
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    Porous coordination polymers based on functionalized Schiff base linkers: enhanced CO2 uptake by pore surface modification

    B. Bhattacharya, R. Haldar, R. Dey, T. K. Maji and D. Ghoshal, Dalton Trans., 2014, 43, 2272
    DOI: 10.1039/C3DT52266K

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