We have prepared photomagnetic Langmuir–Blodgett films composed of an amphiphilic azobenzene and a magnetic polyoxometalate. The obtained film possesses a well-organized layered structure where polyoxometalate anions are sandwiched by azobenzene cations in a single-layered manner. Reversible photoisomerization of azobenzene was achieved even at low temperature, accompanying intensity changes in the d–d transition of polyoxometalate anions. The photomagnetic effect was observed reversibly upon alternate UV and visible light irradiation. Based on polarized spectroscopy, the observed photomagnetic effect is ascribed to the structure-distortion of polyoxometalate layers.