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Issue 34, 2013
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Anion and ion-pair binding by a G-2 poly(ethylene imine) dendrimer

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Abstract

The second-generation poly(ethylene imine) dendrimer (L), based on ammonia as the initiating core molecule, forms anion and ion-pair complexes in aqueous solution. Speciation of the complex species formed and determination of the relevant stability constants were performed by means of potentiometric titration in a 0.10 M NMe4Cl solution at 298.1 K. Protonated forms of L interact with NO3, SO42−, SeO42−, HPO42− and H2PO4 forming stable 1 : 1 anion complexes. The dendritic structure endows the molecule with a greater anion binding ability relative to analogous linear polyamines. It was previously reported that L forms stable metal complexes. We show here that protonated forms of the mononuclear complexes with Cu2+, Zn2+ and Cd2+ bind these anions, and Pb2+ complexes bind NO3. The resulting ion-pair complexes show considerable stability thanks to the cooperative effect of the oppositely charged partners. Molecular modelling calculations show that both anion–ligand and anion–metal ion interactions can participate in stabilizing such ion-pair complexes.

Graphical abstract: Anion and ion-pair binding by a G-2 poly(ethylene imine) dendrimer

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 Dec 2012, accepted on 06 Mar 2013 and first published on 06 Mar 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3DT32926G
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2013,42, 12130-12138
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    Anion and ion-pair binding by a G-2 poly(ethylene imine) dendrimer

    C. Bazzicalupi, A. Bianchi, C. Giorgi, P. Gratteri, P. Mariani and B. Valtancoli, Dalton Trans., 2013, 42, 12130
    DOI: 10.1039/C3DT32926G

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