without changing your settings we'll assume you are happy to receive all RSC cookies.
You can change your cookie settings by navigating to our Privacy and Cookies page and following the instructions. These instructions
are also obtainable from the privacy link at the bottom of any RSC page.
Inorganic Chemistry Research Laboratories, School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Queen Mary University of London, London E1 4NS, UK
; Fax: +020 7882 7427
; Tel: +020 7882 8466
Dalton Trans., 2013,42, 5673-5681
30 Nov 2012,
13 Feb 2013
First published online
13 Feb 2013
The kinetics and mechanism for the bleaching of Calmagite (H3CAL, 3-hydroxy-4-(2-hydroxy-5-methylphenylazo)naphthalene-1-sulfonic acid) in aqueous solution at pH 8.00 and 23 ± 1 °C using in situ generated H2O2 is described. Complete mineralisation of H3CAL results with turnover frequencies (TOF = moles of H3CAL bleached per mole of manganese per hour) of 40 h−1. The monohydroxy azo dyes Me–H2CAL, Orange G and Orange II are not bleached which indicates that a requirement of dye bleaching is the coordination of the dye to the Mn centre. Spectroscopic studies show the formation of Mn(CAL)2 and Mn(CAL) species but in the presence of Tiron (1,2-dihydroxybenzene-3,5-disulfonate, disodium salt, monohydrate, Na2TH2·H2O), [Mn(CAL)(T)] is formed. It is proposed that a Mn(III)–hydroperoxide species is generated, [Mn(O2H)(CAL)(TQ)] from the in situ generated H2O2, where TQ represents the o-quinone form of Tiron, and this is the active species in the bleaching of coordinated CAL; the formation of this hydroperoxide species is supported by UV/VIS and ESI-MS data. The formation of a Mn(III) species is supported by EPR studies which also show some evidence for the presence of a labile d5 Mn(II) species in the presence of the reducing substrate hydroxylamine (NH2OH). This would enable rapid ligand exchange for both in situ H2O2 generation and dye bleaching to occur; there is no evidence for the presence of MnIVO species. The virtue of low local concentrations of in situ generated H2O2 is shown to be important in preventing over oxidation of the catalyst and thus contributing to a robust catalytic system.
Fetching data from CrossRef. This may take some time to load.