Iron(II) and cobalt(II) complexes of tris-azinyl analogues of 2,2′:6′,2′′-terpyridine
The syntheses of 2,6-di(pyrid-2-yl)pyrazine (L1), 2,6-di(pyrazinyl)pyridine (L2), 2,2′:6′,2′′-terpyrazine (L3), 2,6-di(pyrimidin-4-yl)pyridine (L4), 2,6-di(1,2,4-triazin-3-yl)pyridine (L5), 4-hydroxy-2,6-di(pyrazinyl)pyridine (L6) and 4-hydroxy-2,6-di(pyrimidin-2-yl)pyridine (L7) are described. Homoleptic iron(II) and cobalt(II) complexes of these ligands have been prepared and, in four cases, structurally characterised. The iron complexes are all low-spin. However, while the cobalt complexes of the pyrazine-rich ligands L2, L3 and L6 are all predominantly low-spin in the solid state, the other cobalt complexes are essentially high-spin between 5–300 K. The voltammetric M(III)/(II) (M = Fe or Co) oxidations and metal- or ligand-based reductions all become more anodic as the nitrogen content of the ligands increases, which correlates well with Lever's additive electrochemical parameters for the heterocyclic donor groups in each complex.