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Issue 4, 2013
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Combustion synthesis of LaMn1−xAlxO3+δ (0 ≤ x ≤ 1): tuning catalytic properties for methane deep oxidation

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Abstract

The objective of this work was to study the effect of aluminum incorporation into the B sublattice of lanthanum manganite on the thermal stability and catalytic activity in CH4 complete oxidation in relation to the physico-chemical properties. Single-step solution combustion synthesis under stoichiometric conditions of glycine/nitrate was used to prepare LaMn1−xAlxO3+δ oxides (0 ≤ x ≤ 1). The obtained powders were characterized by XRD, SEM, TPD-O2 and XPS techniques and tested as catalysts in the deep oxidation of methane. XRD analysis showed a crystallized single perovskite phase over a large domain of aluminum content (x ≤ 95%). The specific surface area decreases with the incorporation of aluminum into the perovskite lattice and shows optimum value for x = 0.1. All the Mn-containing oxides exhibit oxidative non-stoichiometry and a mixture of Mn4+–Mn3+. Compared to the bulk, a decrease in surface element enrichment and an increase in the superficial Mn4+/Mn3+ ratio were observed with a progressive introduction of aluminum into the perovskite lattice. Catalytic activity of Al-doped oxides was governed by the superficial Mn concentration and the amount of desorbed oxygen involved in Mn4+ ↔ Mn3+ redox reactions. These parameters were found to be optimal for the best catalyst obtained with x = 0.1 which also proved to be the most stable catalyst.

Graphical abstract: Combustion synthesis of LaMn1−xAlxO3+δ (0 ≤ x ≤ 1): tuning catalytic properties for methane deep oxidation

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Publication details

The article was received on 14 Sep 2012, accepted on 11 Dec 2012 and first published on 12 Dec 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2CY20645E
Citation: Catal. Sci. Technol., 2013,3, 1002-1016
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    Combustion synthesis of LaMn1−xAlxO3+δ (0 ≤ x ≤ 1): tuning catalytic properties for methane deep oxidation

    H. Najjar, J. Lamonier, O. Mentré, J. Giraudon and H. Batis, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2013, 3, 1002
    DOI: 10.1039/C2CY20645E

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