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eni s.p.a., Research Centre for Non Conventional Energy – Istituto Eni Donegani, Via Fauser 4, I-28100 Novara, Italy
; Fax: +39 0321 447679
; Tel: +39 0321 447252
eni s.p.a., refining & marketing division, San Donato Milanese Research Centre, Via F. Maritano 26, I-20097 San Donato Milanese, Italy
; Fax: +39-02-520 36347
; Tel: +39-02-520 56543
Chem. Soc. Rev., 2013,42, 3956-3976
06 Jul 2012,
First published online
07 Nov 2012
The discovery of ordered mesoporous materials has opened great opportunities for new applications in heterogeneous catalysis, thanks to their hitherto unprecedented intrinsic structural features. Evidence shows that, however, these materials have not met the researchers' expectations mainly because of the severe limitations related to the strength of acid sites and to the thermal/hydrothermal stability, significantly lower than those of zeolites and due to the amorphous nature of the mesostructured materials. These features are highlighted in the first part of this review, where the peculiarities of mesostructured materials are compared with those of zeolite catalysts in some reactions of industrial interest. New synthesis strategies, especially designed for preparing materials with improved physico-chemical and textural properties, together with the catalytic features of the resulting materials, are described and discussed in the second part of the review.
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