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Issue 38, 2013
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Proton transfer or hemibonding? The structure and stability of radical cation clusters

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Abstract

The basin hopping search algorithm in conjunction with second-order Møller–Plesset perturbation theory is used to determine the lowest energy structures of the radical cation clusters (NH3)n˙+, (H2O)n˙+, (HF)n˙+, (PH3)n˙+, (H2S)n˙+ and (HCl)n˙+, where n = 2–4. The energies of the most stable structures are subsequently evaluated using coupled cluster theory in conjunction with the aug-cc-pVTZ basis set. These cationic clusters can adopt two distinct structural types, with some clusters showing an unusual type of bonding, often referred to as hemibonding, while other clusters undergo proton transfer to give an ion and radical. It is found that proton transfer based structures are preferred by the (NH3)n˙+, (H2O)n˙+ and (HF)n˙+ clusters while hemibonded structures are favoured by (PH3)n˙+, (H2S)n˙+ and (HCl)n˙+. These trends can be attributed to the relative strengths of the molecules and molecular cations as Brønsted bases and acids, respectively, and the strength of the interaction between the ion and radical in the ion–radical clusters.

Graphical abstract: Proton transfer or hemibonding? The structure and stability of radical cation clusters

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Jul 2013, accepted on 22 Aug 2013 and first published on 22 Aug 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3CP52922C
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013,15, 16214-16219
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    Proton transfer or hemibonding? The structure and stability of radical cation clusters

    H. Do and N. A. Besley, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013, 15, 16214
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CP52922C

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