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Issue 26, 2013
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Thermal and electrochemical decomposition of lithium peroxide in non-catalyzed carbon cathodes for Li–air batteries

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Abstract

The decomposition of lithium peroxide during the charging process of lithium–air batteries is investigated. A novel preparation method for electrodes in the discharged state, i.e., prefilled with Li2O2 using polyethylene oxide as a binder, is presented. The composition and reactivity of Li2O2-prefilled electrodes are examined by thermal analysis coupled with on-line mass spectrometry. Voltage profiles and gas evolution during the charging process of Li2O2-prefilled electrodes in battery cells are correlated with the thermal decomposition process of Li2O2 and its impact on other electrode compounds. It is found that both thermal Li2O2 decomposition and the electrochemical decomposition of Li2O2 during charging enhance the oxidation of the electrolyte, the binder, and/or carbon, which is suggested to be due to the formation of “nascent” oxygen during Li2O2 decomposition into O2 and Li2O (thermally) or into O2 and lithium ions (electrochemically).

Graphical abstract: Thermal and electrochemical decomposition of lithium peroxide in non-catalyzed carbon cathodes for Li–air batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Mar 2013, accepted on 09 May 2013 and first published on 10 May 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3CP51056E
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013,15, 11025-11037
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    Thermal and electrochemical decomposition of lithium peroxide in non-catalyzed carbon cathodes for Li–air batteries

    H. Beyer, S. Meini, N. Tsiouvaras, M. Piana and H. A. Gasteiger, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013, 15, 11025
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CP51056E

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