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Issue 21, 2013
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Detection of Fe2+ valence states in Fe doped SrTiO3 epitaxial thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition

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Abstract

We present an X-ray absorption spectroscopy study on Fe-doped SrTiO3 thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition. The Fe L2,3 edge spectra are recorded for doping concentrations from 0–5% after several annealing steps at moderate temperatures. The Fe valence state is determined by comparison with an ilmenite reference sample and calculations according to the charge transfer multiplet model. We found clear evidence of Fe2+ and Fe3+ oxidation states independently of the doping concentration. The Fe2+ signal is enhanced at the surface and increases after annealing. The Fe2+ configuration is in contrast to the mixed Fe3+/Fe4+ valence state in bulk material and must be explained by the specific defect structure of the thin films due to the kinetically limited growth which induces a high concentration of oxygen vacancies.

Graphical abstract: Detection of Fe2+ valence states in Fe doped SrTiO3 epitaxial thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Jan 2013, accepted on 08 Apr 2013 and first published on 08 Apr 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3CP50272D
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013,15, 8311-8317
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    Detection of Fe2+ valence states in Fe doped SrTiO3 epitaxial thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition

    A. Koehl, D. Kajewski, J. Kubacki, C. Lenser, R. Dittmann, P. Meuffels, K. Szot, R. Waser and J. Szade, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013, 15, 8311
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CP50272D

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